Anti helical fold This is the fold in the cartilage between the edge of the ear and the bowl shaped area around the ear canal.
Blepharoplasty A surgical operation to remove excess fat, muscle and skin from the upper and lower eyelids to improve the appearance of the eye.
Cartilage Firm, bone–like bodily structure, but more flexible and able to take different shapes. Your ear and nose are made of cartilage. Nasal cartilages influence breathing and the shape of the nose.
Columella The partition between the nostrils (the front part of the septum).
Conchal Bowl The saucer shaped area that lies around the opening of the ear canal. A large conchal bowl can result in prominent ears.
Dorsum The bridge of the nose.
Hump A bump on the bridge of the nose.
Lateral Outwards.
Medial Inwards.
Nasal bones Small paired bones that make up the upper third of the nose.
Nasal tip The lower third of the nose comprising paired lower lateral cartilages.
Osteotomy Cuts made in the nasal bones.
Otolaryngology The branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, and throat conditions, facial plastic surgery, and head & neck disorders. A commonly used term for this speciality is ENT (ear, nose and throat).
Otoplasty A surgical operation to change the shape of the external ears – most commonly to set back prominent ears.
Paranasal Sinuses Air–containing cavities within the facial bones and skull with narrow drainage openings into the nose. Obstruction of drainage pathways results in build–up of mucous or pus in the sinuses and may result in symptoms of sinusitis. Includes frontal, ethmoid, maxillary and sphenoid sinuses.
Rhinoplasty An operation to improve the appearance and function of the nose. This usually involves reshaping the underlying bone and cartilage of the nose.
Septum The partition between the naval cavities.
Septoplasty An operation that straightens a septum which is deflected into one side of the nasal cavity (causing a blocked nose).
Turbinate A part of the nose (on each side) that humidifies and warms inspired air. Large turbinates can cause nasal obstruction.